Vaginal bleeding before your period starts can leave you confused and wondering what is happening. Even spotting between periods can be frightening. There are many possible causes for spotting before period such as implantation bleed, ovulation, menopause, hormonal changes, Fibroids, Stress, Cancer and so much more.
What is Spotting?
Spotting is a light bleeding from a woman's vagina. The color is lighter than your normal period. And it ranges from light pink to brownish pink in color.
The blood is also scanty in quantity and not has heavy as your normal menstruation.
It is normal to spot in early pregnancy just a few days before expected period. This could serve as a sign that you are pregnant. It may be accompanied by cramping in the lower abdomen, similar to period cramps.
Causes of Brown Discharge Before Period
1. Implantation Bleeding
Implantation is the most common cause of light pink or light brown bleeding few days before a period is expected.
During ovulation, a matured egg is released from the ovary. If the egg gets fertilised by a sperm successfully, you can expect implantation to take place 6-7 days after conception.
The fertilised egg travel down through the fallopian tube and arrives at the uterus(womb) around 6-7 days after it has been fertilised.
It then digs or burrows through the lining of the womb(endometrium).
The process of implantation may be accompanied by mild cramps and few spots of blood.
2. Ovulation Spotting
Ovulation is the release of a matured egg from the ovaries. It happens around the middle of a woman's menstrual cycle.
The process involves an egg bursting open from the follicle. This can cause pain and a little blood is shed as well for some women.
Ovulation pain can serve a symptom of ovulation taking place. The shedding of a little blood during is not common and just a few women experience this.
3. Contraceptives or birthcontrol pills
It is possible to bleed between periods on the pill. This is also known as breakthrough bleeding.
Before a woman approaches menopause, when she is in the perimenopause phase, light pinkish or brownish discharge is common when she is not on her menses.
A reason for this is because the sex hormones; estrogen and progesterone do not function in a normal pattern any more.
Too much estrogen or too little progesterone and hormonal imbalances can trigger the uterine lining to shed blood at odd times.
Irregular periods and cycle including abnormal vaginal discharge are signs and symptoms of menopause.
5. Thyroid Disease
Thyroid problems is one of the causes of irregular bleeding in women. When a woman's thyroid gland does not produce hormones it leads to under active thyroid gland (hypothyroidism).
Symptoms of thyroid disease are: weight gain, irregular periods or bleeding, long menstruation and heavy blood flow.
Excessive stress can trigger abnormal discharge from the vagina. When you are stress, your body starts to produce stress hormone called cortisol.
Your body gives priority to the production of the stress hormones for survival. This disrupts the menstrual cycle and can cause uterine bleeding at the wrong time.
7. Ovarian Cyst
Ovarian cysts are growths that develop on the ovaries. Most cysts on the ovaries are non-cancerous. Functional cysts occurs as part of a woman's menstrual cycle.
They go away without the need for any treatment.
Ovary cyst can cause irregular bleeding and lower abdominal cramping.
9. Uterine Fibroids
Fibroids are non-cancerous tumours tumors that grow on the walls of the uterus.
About 40% of women have fibroids. Fibroids usually have no symptoms.
Women who experience symptoms have heavy periods, lower pain in the back, irregular blood shed from the vagina.
When to See the Doctor
If you experience fever or dizziness then you should see your doctor immediately. Also if you have severe abdominal cramp in your lower abdomen that is unbearable, seek medical advice.
What Does Spotting 2 Weeks Before Period Mean?
Ovulation is one of the reasons why women see light blood or pink discharge 2 weeks before their menstruation starts.
This is known as ovulation spotting or ovulation bleeding.
bleeding 3 days before period is due...What Does It Mean?
Light bleeding 3 days of a few days before menses is an early pregnancy symptom.
During the implantation process when the embryo plants itself in the uterine lining, some blood may be shed and cramping is also felt.
Not all women experience light blood as a sign of pregnancy. So you may still be pregnant even though you have no spots of blood coming out from your vagina.