If you have always seen you period each month, having a missed or late period can be somewhat alarming or confusing. The truth is a lot of women experience cramps but no period each month!.
Especially when you are experiencing menstrual-like cramps for more than 1-2 days but no period.
If you are trying to conceive, you'll start getting all anxious and butterflies to find out the truth.
And if you are not trying to conceive, lots of questions would start popping up in your head if you have miscalculated your cycle dates.
I know that feeling!.
Menstrual cramps occur when the uterus contracts to expel its lining.
Period cramps can be compared to chest pain that happens when blocked vessels stop the flow of food and oxygen to some parts of the heart.
This pain can be mild or severe. Every woman's anatomy is different.
It's feels weird to be having period pains but you are not on your period.
There are 2 most common causes of why a woman would have cramps without period. And they are:
- Missed or Late Period
Apart from these 2 reasons mentioned above. Other gynaecological illness also makes it possible to have cramps without and menstruation.
common Possible Causes of period pain But No Period
1. Early Pregnancy
One of the very earliest pregnancy symptoms before a missed period is cramps days after ovulation has occurred.
If you had unprotected sex during ovulation or in your fertile days then you may be pregnant.
Cramping usually happen around 6-8 days after ovulation.
This cramps is known as implantation cramps.
It happens when the fertilized egg attaches itself to the lining of the uterus(womb).
The fertilized egg attaches its self by burrowing or digging into the thick uterine walls.
Implantation cramping can be also accompanied with spotting or implantation bleeding.
Don't be afraid if you don't have any spots or light bleeding at the time of cramping.
Not all women do. Infact, only about 20-30% if women experience implantation spotting.
Other early pregnancy symptoms before a positive pregnancy test or a missed period are:
- Tender Breast with Sore Nipples
- Darker or Larger Areola(the area around your nipples)
- Feeling Tired or Fatique
- Nausea (Morning Sickness)
- Mood Swings
- Frequent Urination
- Mood Swings
- Headaches and Back pains
If your period is late and you had unprotected sex, take a pregnancy test to confirm if you are or not.
I would suggest you wait atleast a week after your missed period to test.
You know why?
A week after your missed period will give you a more accurate results than if you tested earlier.
Many home pregnancy test are made to detect level of HCG, the hormone produced during pregnancy.
If you have low levels of HCG the test will be negative or false.
2. MIssed or late period
Not all missed periods are related to pregnancy.
Some women have irregular menstruation. They get all the PMS signs but don't actually see a period.
In some other cases, a late period is due to:
- hormonal imbalance
- Rapid weight loss or weight gain
- change in birth control
- Changes to your normal daily routine.
- Thyroid disorder
Other Causes of Cramping But No Period
Stress is harmful to health for all of us.
It affects reproductive health including your menstrual cycle.
When stressed, your body produces stress hormones called cortisol and adrenaline.
As your level of stress rises, there is a high probability that it will impact your period negatively.
So the higher you stress level, the higher the chances of having a late or missed period.
PCOS is a gynaecological condition that affects how a woman's ovaries work.
One of the symptoms of PCOS is irregular periods.
Irregular periods causes your menstruation to be late or missed all together.
Endometriosis is a gynaecological condition, in which the tissues in of the uterine walls spread to other part of the body.
One of the symptoms of Endometriosis is irregular periods severe abdominal pain, pain during and after sex.
Ovarian Cysts are fluid filled sacs that develop on the ovaries.
There are two types of ovarian cysts: Functional ovarian cysts and pathological ovarian cyst.
Ovarian cysts are common and most women get them at some point in their lifetime.
One of the symptoms of ovarian cysts is irregular menstruation and lower abdominal pain.
Functional cysts appear and disappear as part of a woman's menstrual cycle
Pre-menopause is also one of the reasons for absent or delayed period.
It usually starts when a woman is in her forties. And can last up to 10 years before the real menopause kicks in.
One of the symptoms of menopause is period irregularity, skipped cycles and hot flashes.
common worries and what to do
Here are the common worries related to cramps and periods that women often ask questions about.
Crampy but No Period Not Pregnant
If you have cramps and no period and you are not pregnant. It could be caused by one of the women health related problems listed above.
Such as PCOS, ovarian cysts, endometriosis or pre-menopause.
It is advisable you see your doctor or gynaecologist for a pelvic examination to determine the cause of the pain.
Your doctor may also perform a blood test to check your hormone levels.
Cramps No Period and white discharge
Cramping no period and having white discharge could actually mean you are pregnant.
One of the early symptoms of pregnancy before a positive test result is also white discharge coming out from your vagina unto your pants.
It could also mean your period is around the corner. Some women experience white discharge before their period is about to start.
If the white discharge is clumpy and causes itching or discomfort, then it could be thrush or yeast infection. Read more about clumpy white discharge here.
Cramping No Period negative pregnancy test
Cramping no period and a negative test result is also one of the symptoms of the onset of gynaecological issues discussed previously.
If you are trying for a baby and you've had sex around ovulation it could mean you are testing for pregnancy too early.
Wait till a week after you have missed your period to test again.
period cramps but no blood clear discharge
Period cramps and absent or delayed period should not be ignored.
if you are trying for a baby and you had unprotected sex, having a clear discharge could mean you are pregnant.
If after weeks of testing, see you gynaecologist for a pelvic examination or blood test.
period pains but no period could i be pregnant?
Yes it is possible to be pregnant if you had sex on your fertile days in your menstrual cycle.
A implantation cramping and a missed period is one of the symptoms of early pregnancy.
cramps after period
Cramps after period is usually caused by vaginal dryness, hitting of the cervix, ovarian cyst and many more reasons.
cramps before period
It is not uncommon for some women to experience cramps before their period is due.
Some women have cramps from 2-4 days before their actual period.
This is one of the ways they know that their menstruation is around the corner.