Lower abdominal pain in women is very common especially during mensuration or period. The cramp or chronic pelvic pain could be felt in the left side or right side. A lot of people also experience stomach pain from time to time.
Cramps in the abdomen can be caused by serious and non-serious conditions.
The lower abdomen is located between the ribs and the pelvis. This includes the stomache, small intenstine, colon, liver, gall bladder, liver, pancreas and spleen.
What Causes of Lower Abdominal or pelvic Pain
Appendicitis is a painful swelling that occurs in the appendix. It usually starts in the middle of your tummy but then gradually moves to your lower right hand side where it becomes severe and continuous.
The appendix is located in the lower right hand side of the abdomen.
2. Menstrual Pain or PMS
Painful mensuration is also known as dysmenorrhea. There are two types: primary and secondary.
Primary dysmenorrhea, are normal pain that occurs in the uterus during mensuration. They are not due to any disease.
Secondary dysmenorrhea are cramps that occur due to disease such as endometriosis and other gynecological conditions in women.
Cramps can also happen before a period starts as a PMS symptom.
3. Ovarian Cysts
Sometimes a fluid-like sac may develop on a woman's ovary known as ovarian cysts.
It is common in women of child bearing age. Some cysts come and go on their own without symptoms or any treatments. These are functional cysts.
Where as pathological cysts are serious and cause severe sharp pelvic pain.
This is a medical condition in which the tissues in the lining of the uterus starts to grow outside the uterus.
The tissues spreads to other organs such as the fallopian tube, ovaries and pelvic region. This is a very painful and severe condition.
5. Uterine Fibroid
Fibroids are muscular tumours or fibrous tissues that develop in and around the womb(uterus).
Symptoms of Fibroids include: pelvic pressure or pain, Heavy menstrual bleeding, constipation, frequent urination, leg cramps and backaches.
6. Ovarian Cancer
Ovarian cancer is also known as the cancer of the ovaries. Feeling constantly bloated for a long period of time or for over 3 weeks is a sign of cancer of the ovary.
Other symptoms are: Pelvic or stomach pain, needing to pee all the time, weight loss, tiredness and fatigue.
7. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
PID is an infection of the female reproductive organs(uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and pelvis).
PID is mostly caused by sexually transmitted disease such as Chlamydia and Gonorrhea.
Common symptoms are: lower abdominal cramp, vaginal discharge, fever, pain during sex, irregular mensuration.
8. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
This is a health problem that affects how the ovaries works.
They are caused by high levels of male hormone(androgens) found in women of childbearing age.
The symptoms often include infertility, pelvic pain, irregular periods, no periods, excessive facial and body hair growth Weight gain, hair thinning and acne.
This is an inflammation of the bladder caused by an infection in the urine in the bladder.
Some of the common symptoms are: persistent need to urinate, pelvic discomfort, pressure in the abdomen and burning sensation when urinating
10. Ectopic Pregnancy
Ectopic pregnancy happens when a fertilised egg implants itself in wrong place. For example in the fallopian tube instead of the womb.
Symptoms are belly pain, heavy or severe vaginal bleeding, pain during intercourse, fainting and light headedness.
A missed carriage is a loss of pregnancy before the 24th week.
Symptoms of miscarriage are: persistent and consistent pain in the lower abdomen, abnormal vaginal bleeding, tissue discharge from the vagina, fluid discharge from the vagina, breast tenderness.
12. Painful Intercourse (Dyspareunia)
Dyspareunia is a discomfort during sex or immediately after. The pain can be felt in the vagina, labia and pelvic areas.
Symptoms experienced are: Throbbing pain after intercourse, pain in the pelvic region, burning sensation while peeing.
13. Kidney Stones
Kidney stones happens when a stone gets stuck in the kidney. The stone may start to travel down the tube that connects the bladder to the kidney.
Symptoms are: lower back pain, pain in the side of the abdomen, discomfort when passing urine and pain when urinating.
14. Uterus Pain in Early Pregnancy
A common sign or symptoms of pregnancy is cramping which occurs during implantation. If trying to conceive, a pain in your lower abdomen about 3-7 days before your period starts may mean you are pregnant.
The uterus continues to expand throughout pregnancy to accommodate the growing baby.
Symptoms of Pelvic Pain
Symptoms of abdominal pain are:
- Farting or Gas
- Pelvic Discomfort
- Heart Burn
- Chest Burn
- Stomach Flu (gastroenteritis)
Treatment of stomache cramps
1. Heating Pads
Heating pads are the most commonly used pain reliever for menstrual cramps and other mild stomach pains.
2. Pain Killers
Non steroid anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAID) such as ibuprofen is also recommended for treating mild discomforts.
In cases of severe and acute pain, you need to see the doctor immediately.
The doctor would do a pelvic examination to diagnose the cause of the pain.
A surgery may be performed if it is ovarian cysts or some female gynaecological conditions causing the pelvic discomfort.
What is Pain in Lower Left Abdomen in female?
Persistent and severe pain in the lower left abdomen is caused by a condition called diverticulitis. A common symptom of diverticulitis is pain in the lower stomach, mostly in the lower-left hand side.
What is Lower Back Pain On the Left Side?
Chronic lower left back pain may be caused by a nerve tissue damage, muscle imbalances, injury to the muscles, pregnancy, Kidney stones, urinary tract infection, poor posture,