Male infertility is the inability of a man to make a fertile woman pregnant after having unprotected sexual intercourse with her at the right time (her fertile days) for a period of 6-12 months.
It is usually a shock when a man finds out he is infertile.
In a lot of cases if a woman is infertile she is able to handle it better than a man.
Some men have reportedly said they feel useless or they feel very guilty, it is their fault.
But we all know that a man shouldn't feel this way but rather be willing to go through tests and treatments to improve his fertility.
So what makes a man infertile?
Causes of Infertility in Men?
Male infertility is caused by a number of issues, with a lot of research still to be done on this subject of what actually empowers a sperm to fertilise an egg.
In about 50% cases the cause of infertility in men is still to be known.
The known causes of male infertility problems are:
Low Sperm Count or no Sperm at all: Most male infertility is due to low sperm count or no sperm. In fact 90% of fertility Problems in men are as a result of this!.
Abnormal Sperm Motility: Sperm motility is the ability of the sperm to swim to the egg without difficulty. But in some cases sperm have difficulty in moving and may not able to propel themselves forward as they should normally do.
Irregularly Shaped Sperm: Sperm with an abnormal shaped heads are not able to fertilise an egg in most cases.
Infection: Sexually transmitted disease such as mumps and bacteria gotten as an adult. When these infections gets untreated because no symptoms was discovered, it can cause problems in the male reproductive organ. Also sexually transmitted disease such as HIV and Gonorrhea can lead to scarring, damage and blockage of the male reproductive organs.
Ejaculation Disorder: Normally during orgasm semens come out through the opening on the penis.
But in some men with retrograde ejaculation, semens enter the bladder (wrong place) instead of coming out through the tip of the penis.
This can be caused by conditions such as Diabetes, Bladder surgery, Injury of the spine, Surgery of the prostrate or urethra.
Hormonal Imbalance: Just as hormonal imbalance is a leading cause of female infertility.
Hormonal imbalance and deficiency is also responsible for male infertility. Insufficient levels of the right hormones can affect sperm production and development.
If the Pituitary gland which is responsible for producing reproductive hormones does not function properly this can affect the quantity and quality of sperm produced.
In addition, low testosterone (Hypogonadism) caused by thyroid problems may also result in faulty sperm production.
Blockages in the Tubes and Structural abnormalities of the male reproductive organs: There are cases where by some men are born with blocked tubes, in this case sperm is unable to pass from the testicles were they are developed to the ejaculatory duct.
Other cases of structural abnormalities include cases where the testicles fail to descend from the abdomen into the scrotum. And cases where by the urinary opening is under the penis as oppose the tip of the penis.
Male Infertility Treatment
Fertility drugs may be prescribed to men in certain cases where the cause of infertility is related to: Low sperm count, No sperm, reduced sperm mobility, Infection, Hormonal imbalance and retrograde ejaculation.
For example, Some men with low sperm count have low levels of the key male hormone, testosterone.
In other cases where the cause of male infertility is due to structural abnormalities in the male reproductive organs a surgical treatment may be proposed.
In general, the root cause of infertility is key to prescribing the appropriate infertility treatment to be used.
So what fertility drugs can be used to increase sperm count and motility?
Fertility Drugs for Men with Low Sperm Count or No Sperm
Some male infertility problems can be treated with fertility drugs.
These drugs are mostly medically prescribed fertility drugs.
Here is the list of fertility drugs for men with low Sperm Count, no sperm or reduced sperm mobility :
1. Clomiphene Citrate:
Also known as clomid, is a drug taken orally. This fertility drug is prescribed to men to help increase the level of testosterone.
"Do men take Clomid I thought it was for women?" Yes men do take clomid.
The fertility drugs prescribed for men are very similar to the fertility drugs used in treating fertility problems in women especially infertility caused by ovulation problems.
This is because it is the same pituitary gland responsible for ovulation in women that is also responsible for sperm production and development in men.
Clomiphene works for men by increasing the FSH(Follicle Stimulating Hormone) which leads to an increase in sperm production.
Clomiphene also increases the Luteinizing Hormone which leads to an increase in testosterone production in men.
If Clomid doesn't work after taking it for 6 months then HCG or HMG injectable hormones are administered and they have a higher success rate.
This is another drug used in treating Low Sperm count or no sperm count. A recent research here shows that Letrozole has an effect on sperm production in men who had low sperm count or produced no sperm at all.
3. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
HCG hormonal drug is given when the cause of the male infertility is due to a disorder in hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
Remember the Pituitary gland is responsible for telling the testes to produce sperm by releasing hormones. When there is a disorder or an abnormal hormonal level it leads to low sperm count or no sperm count.
HCG is an injectable hormone given under the skin or into the muscle to help increase sperm count in men.
HCG hormone works by telling the testes to produce testosterone and sperm. HCG injection is usually given 3 times a week for 6 months.
4. Human Menopausal Gonadotropin
HMG is also an injectable hormone similar to HCG. If after giving HCG for 6 months, no improvement can be seen in sperm count then human menopausal gonadotropin is recommended.
HMG is extracted from the urine of menopausal women and it is more expensive than HCG.
Bromocriptine is a fertility medication that is used to treat low sperm production in men.W hen the cause of low sperm production is due to high level of prolactin in the blood.
Bromocriptine works by reducing the level of prolactin in the blood which in turn increases testosterone.
And an increased level of testosterone leads to an increase in sperm count and production.
Tamoxifen is a fertility pill similar to Clomid and it is also taken through the mouth.
Tamoxifen works differently to clomid by stimulating sperm production through the increase of gonadotropins.
The oral dosage of Tamoxifine is 20mg. Tamoxifine can work for some men but not all. Some men have improved semens quality after taken Tamoxifine.
If Taxomofine or Clomid doesn't work for you then your physician might try injectable hormones.
This medication is administered when the cause of male infertility is due to retrograde ejaculation. It works by closing the neck of the bladder to allow sperm flow through the penis instead of into the bladder.
Antibiotics is used when the cause of male fertility is due to infections in the urinary tract or prostrate . It is also prescribed if white blood cells are found in the semens.
The use of antibiotics to treat infections can take up to 6 weeks to see results.
Male Infertility Treatment-Home Remedies
Natural Remedies should also be considered when dealing with male infertility.
To improve you chances of conceiving do the following things:
Improve Your Diet: What you eat has an effect on the semens your produce. This can be positive or negative. Improve you diet by eating more vegetables and fruits, reduce your intake of sugar, keep alcohol consumption low, drink 4 pints of water everyday.
Take Vitamins and Supplement: Studies has shown that taking fertility supplements containing essential vitamins, helps in the quantity and quality of sperm production and sperm development. Couples trying to conceive should definitely take fertility supplements for conception especially if you don't eat well.
Quit Smoking: Smoking is one of the causes of low sperm count in men. Aside from the fact that smoking is bad for you and your partner's health, it also affects sperm and semens quality. Studies have shown that men who smoke have a decreased sperm count. Further studies has also shown that 13% of men who smoke have sperm who are unable to swim normally. Quitting smoking may help increase sperm count and motility.
Loose Weight: Overweight and being obese can have a negative effect on your sperm quality and quantity. Research has in fact found that overweight and obese men have a higher amount of poor quality sperm. To increase your chances of fathering a child it is highly recommended you loose weight and adopt a healthy lifestyle.
Reduce Your stress Levels: Recent research has been able to link stress to reduced sperm and semens quality. When trying to conceive it is advisable to relax and indulge in fun activities or activities you enjoy doing. Go for a walk regularly or for a swim or movies with your partner.
Natural Fertility Drugs and Herbs To increase Sperm Count and Motility
With an improved diet and fertility supplements added to your daily routine. Some herbs has been shown to help increase sperm count and motility.
These list of Herbal male fertility drugs can be found over the counter either in your local herbal store or online stores like amazon. The best ones are:
- Maca Pills
- Panax Ginseng
- Saw Palmetto
- Causes of Infertility in Men?
- Male Infertility Treatment
- Fertility Drugs for Men with Low Sperm Count or No Sperm
- 6. Tamoxifen
- Male Infertility Treatment-Home Remedies