Although the best way to confirm pregnancy is a positive pregnancy test and a missed period. But here are some pregnancy symptoms that occurs as early as the first two weeks of pregnancy.
12 Very Early Signs of Pregnancy
1. Breast Tenderness
Sore breast and tenderness is one of the very first symptoms of pregnancy.
Your breast may feel very sensitive to touch and you may experience a tingling feeling around the nipple.
Here is what causes it: after the egg has been successfully fertilized by a sperm the pregnancy hormone called human chorionic gonadotropins is released in small amounts.
This small amount cannot be detected by pregnancy test yet.
But, your level of estrogen and progesterone hormone starts increasing immediately after conception to support the new life forming.
Increasing level of estrogen hormone is stimulates the production of milk ducts in the breast. While Progesterone hormone is responsible for the formation of milk glands.
Also, the dark areas surrounding the nipple, starts to swell causing sensitivity and a tingling feeling.
Nausea and vomiting is one of the first signs of pregnancy. It is often known as morning sickness but it can happen at anytime of the day and even at night.
Although nausea and vomiting starts at week 6, you can start feeling nauseous as early as some days after conception.
The exact cause of morning sickness is still not known but doctors and researchers have linked a surge in human chorionic hormone and reproductive hormones (estrogen and progesterone ) to be the cause.
Increasing level of estrogen and progesterone hormones are responsible for most pregnancy symptoms.
The introduction of HCG Hormone into the blood stream after conception and implantation is also one of the suspected causes of nausea.
After the first 12 weeks, morning sickness is no longer as severe as the first few weeks of pregnancy.
3. Frequent Urination
Frequent urination in pregnancy is caused an increase to blood flow to the kidneys and pressure on the bladder by the increasing uterus(womb).
Your body starts working really extra hard to pump more blood and oxygen to the uterus, when you get pregnant.
This also increases blood flow to other organs such as the kidney. This in turn causes the kidney to produce more urine than usual.
Another major reason why you visit the toilet more frequently is because your uterus is expanding to accommodate a new life.
As the uterus grows bigger it puts pressure on the bladder and that gives you the urge to want to pee more often than usual.
4. Tiredness and Fatigue
Tiredness and fatigue is common not only in the early stages of pregnancy but through out the pregnancy period.
It is possible to feel tired throughout pregnancy and it is also possible not to feel tired at all.
Tiredness and fatigue starts as early as the first few weeks of pregnancy due to rising level of hormones.
An increased level of progesterone hormone will make you feel tired and sleepy.
Also your body is working hard to cater for all the happening in the body. This may leave you feeling low in energy.
5. Food Craving and Aversion
Women often have foods they crave and foods they can't stand once the become pregnant.
If all of a sudden, you start wanting more of a particular sets of food. And the smell, sight or thought of some foods that you would normally eat starts to repel you. You may be pregnant friend.
Some have said food craving and aversion is a way of your body telling you what it needs and what it doesn't during pregnancy.
6. Implantation Spotting or bleeding
Spotting light pinkish blood just before your period is due to start is a sign of pregnancy.
Implantation spotting usually happens around 3-7 days before your next period due date. This is also around 10 days after ovulation.
When the embryo arrives in the uterus(womb) 6-7 days after fertilization. The embryo then attaches its self to the lining of the uterus known as endometrium.
This process sometimes causes a few spots of blood to be shed.
It's ok not to spot before period. Only a few women experience this as a sign of pregnancy.
7. Implantation Cramping
Also accompanied with the process of implantation is cramping. Cramping a few days before your period is due can either be premenstrual cramps or implantation cramps.
When the embryo digs or burrows through the uterine lining a mild cramping pain is felt in the lower abdominal area.
8. Mood swings
A roller coaster mood is often noticed in pregnancy. One minute you're happy and the next minute you're crying.
Don't worry it's not your fault, blame it on the hormones.
After conception, your level of estrogen and progesterone hormone increases.
Having a good night rest can help you to feel less irritated and angry.
9. Constipation or Diarrhea
The progesterone hormone is responsible for constipation in pregnancy. This hormone slows down digestion and relaxes the muscles all through your body including your guts.
The slow down of the digestion process leads to constipation.
Another cause of constipation in pregnancy is not drinking enough fluid. Because most women feel nauseated they tend to avoid drinking water.
Not taking enough liquid generally causes constipation even when not pregnant.
Bloating is common during the first stages of pregnancy. And this is due to the rising level of hormones. Especially the progesterone hormone. Progesterone relaxes the muscles in your gut making you feel bloated and gassy.
Headaches in early stages of pregnancy is linked to higher amount of estrogen and progesterone in the blood stream.
12. Increased Body Temperature
An elevated basal body temperature a few days after ovulation is also an early sign that you may be pregnant.
13. Darker Areola
A darker areola and pigmentation is caused by hormonal increase and fluctuation that happens after pregnancy.
14. Vaginal Discharge
A milky white discharge before your period starts could be a sign of pregnancy.
This discharge is known as leucorrhea. It usually happens some days after implantation. And it is caused by hormonal changes happening in the body.
As long as the discharge is not itchy or smelly. Smelly or itchy discharge is a sign of vaginal infection.
When to take a Pregnancy Test
The best and recommended time to take a pregnancy test is some days or a week after you have missed your period.
By now, the level of the HCG hormone in your urine will be at a level that is detectable by most home pregnancy test.
If HCG level is low it may not be detectable leading to a false or negative pregnancy test.
Wait until you have missed your period before you test to avoid getting a wrong test result.
- 12 Very Early Signs of Pregnancy
- 1. Breast Tenderness
- 2. Nausea
- 3. Frequent Urination
- 4. Tiredness and Fatigue
- 5. Food Craving and Aversion
- 6. Implantation Spotting or bleeding
- 7. Implantation Cramping
- 8. Mood swings
- 9. Constipation or Diarrhea
- 10. Bloating
- 11. Headaches
- 12. Increased Body Temperature
- 13. Darker Areola
- 14. Vaginal Discharge
- When to take a Pregnancy Test