A missed period is usually the obvious sign that pregnancy has occurred.
But not everyone can wait the 2 week wait between ovulation and a missed period.
Well, one of the earliest sign of conception/pregnancy, is cramping about 6-8 days after ovulation has occurred.
This post ovulation cramps is known as implantation cramps.
Implantation cramps happen when the fertilised egg attaches its self to the walls of the uterus.
It does this by burrowing (digging) into the lining of the uterus also known as the endometrium.
The Uterus has thick walls that makes it suitable for the growth and development of a baby.
Let's take a closer look at the implantation process day by day.
The Implantation Process
This is the day an egg is released from your ovary. The egg is released in a process called ovulation.
This day varies from woman to woman. But generally it is between day 14-16.
Some women ovulate early in what is called early ovulation. And some women ovulate late in what is called late ovulation.
Without Ovulation, pregnancy is impossible.
This is why most of the infertility problems in women is circled around ovulatory problems.
1 Day after Ovulation
So assuming you ovulated on Day 14, a day after ovulation would be Day 15 of your menstrual cycle.
Today, the egg is traveling slowly down the fallopian tube, hoping to be fertilised by a sperm.
The released egg is called the ovum.
Also, the progesterone hormone starts to kick in on this day. And the level will continue to rise through out pregnancy.
But if no fertilisation occurs, the progesterone level will drop around the time of your next period.
2 Days After Ovulation
On this day, more progesterone is been produced to maintain the uterus lining.
If the ovum gets fertilised by a sperm, it will start dividing.
You may start to feel bloated today and your basal body temperature stays high.
3 Days after Ovulation
If the egg has been fertilised, more progesterone hormones are being produced in higher amounts to prepare the womb.
The fertilised egg moves slowly down the fallopian tube to the mouth of the uterus.
You may be experience bloating and water retention on this day.
4 Days After Ovulation
As the progesterone level continues to rise in high amounts to thicken and maintain the lining of the womb(uterus).
The fertilised egg, changes from a ball of cell into cluster of cells known as blastocyst.
The blastocyst floats it's way to the opening of the uterus.
You may feel little bloating and water retention.
5 Days After Ovulation
Higher amounts of progesterone levels are been released to maintain the lining of the uterus.
Just like the previous day, the blastocyst is still in a floating movement in the fallopian tube moving into the womb.
You may feel little bloated and water retention.
6 Days After Ovulation
More progesterone hormone is being released by the ovary to prepare the womb as a home for the developing embryo.
The blastocyst has almost completed it's journey from the fallopian tube into the uterus.
It varies for every woman. For some women the blastocyst has arrived in the uterus on the day.
You may start to feel mild cramps on this day.
7 Days After Ovulation
The blastocysts arrives in it's new home for the next 9 months.
On this day it burrows really deep into the uterus lining, and starts to grow at a faster rate.
This is known as implantation.
Implantation signals the ovaries to keep producing progesterone hormone through out the pregnancy period.
It is possible to feel cramps while the blastocysts burrows into the uterine lining.
These cramps is known as implantation cramps.
During the process the some women also experience what is known as implantation spotting.
Don't be alarmed if you don't experience spotting. Not all women do.
At seven days past, an hormone called hcg is introduced to indicated pregnancy and support the new life.
But it is too early for home pregnancy test to detect this hormone yet
8 Days After Ovulation
At 8 days past ovulation, the level of the progesterone hormone keeps rising.
After implantation, the blastocyst is now referred to as Zygote.
The Zygote will increase in size about 40 times over.
The level of HCG hormones are also rising.
It is too early for hcg to be detected yet by pregnancy test.
When To Test for Pregnancy
It is best to test for pregnancy about a week after you have a missed period.
The reason is the level of HCG would have risen to a detectable amount for the home pregnancy test to detect.
To avoid getting a negative or false result don't test for pregnancy too early.
And if you do, do the test again after you have missed your period.
Other Signs of Pregnancy to look Out for
Spotting: About 25% to 30% of women experience spotting/bleeding around a week to when there period is due. This spots is usually light pinkish or light brownish in color.
Headache: You may experience a headache around now. This is as a result of high level of hormones kicking in.
Nausea: This is also as a result that implantation has been successful. Some women do experience nausea even before they have a missed period.