Can You Get Pregnant While on Your Period?
We often get asked the question "Can you get pregnant on your period?" or "Can you get pregnant during your period?"
The answer is yes you can get pregnant on your period if you have unprotected sex and if you have a very short cycle.
Women with menstrual cycles as short as 21 or 22 days stand a higher chance of conceiving during mensuration.
It is important to know that for pregnancy to be possible, ovulation must first take place.
Ovulation is the release of an egg from the ovary, in expectation that the egg will be fertilised by an egg.
Ovulation usually occurs mid-cyle. So for instance a woman with a 28 day cycle would expect to ovulate between Day 12-Day 16.
A woman with a short cycle of 21 days, would expect to ovulate between Day 9 to Day 12. Women with short cycle may suffer from early ovulation.
The sperm can survive in a woman's body for up to 7 days. So if you have a short menstrual cycle and you have sex on your period. You can get pregnant. Because before the sperm dies off, you would have ovulated.
Fertilization or conception occurs when a sperm comes in contact with an egg. If there is are still survivor sperm in the fallopian tube at ovulation. Then it is possible to get pregnant.
The egg can only survive for 24 hrs after it has been released. This is why timing intercourse is crucial for couples trying to conceive.
Can You Get Pregnant Right After Your Period?
Yes it is possible to get pregnant immediately after your period or a few days after you period. If you have unprotected sex and the length of you menstrual cycle is short.
If you ovulate around Day 14, it is unlikely you get pregnant but if you ovulate early, let's say Day 9, then you can get pregnant during or after you period if you had unprotected sex.
Take this example, assuming you finish your mensuration on Day 5 or Day 6. Then you have unprotected sex on Day 7. You ovulate on Day 9 or even Day 10 or Day 11. It is very possible for conception to occur.
Remember conception occurs when the egg meets sperm.
can you get pregnant before your period?
It is very unlikely to get pregnant before your period. The days after ovulation and before your period are regarded as your most safe days to have sex.
The best way to prevent pregnancy is to use a contraceptive or birth control pill.
An if Trying to conceive, have sex very close to ovulation, as this is your fertile window. The day of ovulation and the day after ovulation are your most fertile days.
The longer your cycle, the more safe days you have. The shorter your cycle, the less safe days you have.
The best time to have sex is 2 days to ovulation, day of ovulation and within 12-24 hrs after ovulation.